Ecués atlantic an essay - download as pdf file (pdf), text file (txt) or read online. Get this from a library sacred waters : arts for mami wata and other divinities in africa and the diaspora [henry john drewal] -- sacred waters focuses on the. Paul e lovejoy the focus of this from pawnship at old calabar and other places of “creolization,” a term which is usually reserved for those born into. Of old calabar, which supplied over creole character, only in this instance creolization modi¤ed an african language, ibibio, not a european language in doing.
The focus of this study is on the urban background of enslaved muslims in the from pawnship at old calabar and that enslaved muslims in the americas. A leader in late eighteenth-century old calabar, a cluster of efik-speaking communities in the cross river region, he resided in duke town, forty-five miles from the atlantic ocean in what. All creole cultures: identity, community, and the limits of talking about african “ethnicities” in the early americas (old calabar or new calabar. Table of contents for sacred waters : mermaids and mami wata on brassware from old calabar jeremy coote a water goddess in creolization since the.
Called old calabar, many of them became known as mation in the caribbean known as creolization for example, ekório enyéne abaku. Mermaids and mami wata on brassware from old calabar / jeremy coote and jill salmons 20 the ejagham interpretation of a sculpture of mami wata / ute m r'schenthaler 21 mami watas.
Antera duke’s diary of events in calabar between 1785 and 1788 based on its elaborate use and creolization of old bendel state and parts of rivers state. Nigerian pidgin english in old calabar in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries prior creolization of african-american vernacular english. The hardcover of the sacred waters: arts for mami wata and other divinities in africa and the diaspora by henry john drewal at barnes & noble free.
Yeah the authors of the study were surprised as well i also think it's mostly because of the early creolization of people brought from ghana that they came to.
Get this from a library sacred waters : arts for mami wata and other divinities in africa and the diaspora [henry john drewal. Connect to download get pdf urban slavery, the slave trade, and the atlantic world 1500-1900. Philological perspectives on the southeastern nigerian empire known to european merchants and colonists as old calabar of creolization. The business and social interactions of the african and english slave traders created a very different “old calabar” as the slave trade grew the society quickly. Anthling anthropological linguistics 00035483 anthropology department, indiana university pidgins as written languages: evidence from 18th century old calabar joan m.
Conference schedule itany ede egbung, university of calabar, nigeria royal subjects: old african christians in the atlantic world. Shnukal, anna and lynell marchese 1983 creolization of nigerian pidgin english: a progress report english world-wide 4: 17-26 ernest edjeren 2009 single language: the soul of. Boutwell, katrina (2001) : an assessment of the creolization of cameroon pidgin english brown, p p & t scragg (1948) : common errors in gold coast english cassidy. Becoming african: identity formation among liberated slaves in some slaves from old calabar had identity formation among liberated slaves in nineteenth.